Winward Choy MD

Winward Choy, MDExpected Graduation Date: 2024





Education, Training, and Previous Positions

2010: BA, University of California, Berkeley
2017: MD, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Selected Honors and Awards

2017: Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
2013: Best Paper by Medical Student Award, North America Skull Base Society Annual Meeting: Prognostic factors for tumor control following surgical resection and adjuvant radiation therapy for intracranial chordomas
2012: American Association of Neurological Surgeons Medical Student Summer Research Fellowship
2012: American Academy of Neurology Medical Student Summer Research Scholarship
2012: Synthes Skull Base Surgery Award, Congress of Neurological Surgeons Annual Meeting: Outcomes of Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Stereotactic Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Vestibular Schwannoma
2010: High Distinction in General Scholarship, UC Berkley
2008: Dean's List, College of Letters and Sciences, UC Berkeley

Selected Recent Publications

Choy W, Barrington N, Garcia RM, Kim RB, Rodriguez H, Lam S, Dahdaleh N, Smith ZA. Risk Factors for Medical and Surgical Complications Following Single-Level ALIF. Global Spine J. 2017 Apr;7(2):141-147.

Lagman C, Chung LK, Macyszyn L, Choy W, Smith ZA, Dahdaleh NS, Bohnen AM, Cho JM, Colen CB, Duckworth E, Germanwala AV, Kan P, Khalessi AA, Kim CY, Lam S, Li G, Lim M, Sherman JH, Wang VY, Zada G, Yang I. Neurosurgery concepts: Key perspectives on imaging characteristics of spinal metastases, surgery for low back pain, anesthesia for disc surgery, and laminectomy versus laminectomy and fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Surg Neurol Int. 2017 Jan 19;8:9.

Choy W, Lagman C, Lee SJ, Bui TT, Safaee M, Yang I. Impact of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the Pathogenesis and Outcome of Patients with Glioblastoma Multiforme. Brain Tumor Res Treat. 2016 Oct;4(2):77-86.

Kan P, Bohnen A, Germanwala AV, Pelargos P, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Key perspectives on stenting of symptomatic vertebral artery stenosis, resident involvement in neurosurgery, antithrombotic therapy following sellar and parasellar tumor resection, and radiosurgery for vestibular schwannomas. Surg Neurol Int. 2016 Oct 7;7(Suppl 27):S733-S736. eCollection 2016.

Bohnen A, Sherman JH, Pelargos P, Yang I, Srinivasan VM, Duckworth EA, Choy W, Smith ZA. Key perspectives on the learning curve of pedicle screw placement, stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases, growth of incidentally found meningiomas, and the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial. Surg Neurol Int. 2016 Oct 7;7(Suppl 27):S729-S732.

Sherman JH, Li G, Cho JM, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Key perspectives on auditory outcomes following radiosurgery for vestibular schwannoma, tumor treating fields for glioblastoma, and a proposed myelopathy score for cervical decompression surgery, intracranial pressure monitoring in diffuse traumatic brain injury. Surg Neurol Int. 2016 Oct 7;7(Suppl 27):S725-S728.

Srinivasan VM, Kan P, Germanwala AV, Pelargos P, Bohnen A, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Key perspectives on Woven EndoBridge device for wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms, endoscopic endonasal clipping of intracranial aneurysms, retrosigmoid versus translabyrinthine approaches for acoustic neuromas, and impact of local intraoperative steroid administration on postoperative dysphagia following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Surg Neurol Int. 2016 Oct 7;7(Suppl 27):S720-S724.

Germanwala AV, Choy W, Sherman JH, Lam S, Yang I, Smith ZA. Neurosurgery concepts: Key perspectives on intrathecal fluorescein for detecting intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak during endoscopic endonasal surgery, spinal intraarterial chemotherapy, oligoastrocytoma classification by in situ molecular genetics, and prenatal myelomeningocele closure and the need for cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement. Surg Neurol Int. 2016 Oct 7;7(Suppl 27):S715-S719.

Lagman C, Choy W, Lee SJ, Chung LK, Bui TT, Yang I, Goldman HW. A Case of Bell's Palsy with an Incidental Finding of a Cerebellopontine Angle Lipoma. Cureus. 2016 Aug 24;8(8):e747.

Ampie L, Choy W, Lamano JB, Kesavabhotla K, Kaur R, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Safety and outcomes of preoperative embolization of intracranial hemangioblastomas: A systematic review. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2016 Nov;150:143-151.

Mooney KL, Choy W, Sidhu S, Pelargos P, Bui TT, Voth B, Barnette N, Yang I. The role of CD44 in glioblastoma multiforme. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Dec;34:1-5.

Garcia RM, Choy W, DiDomenico JD, Barrington N, Dahdaleh NS, Rodriguez HE, Lam S, Smith ZA. Thirty-day readmission rate and risk factors for patients undergoing single level elective anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF). J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Oct;32:104-8.

Choy W, Smith ZA, Viljoen SV, Lindley TE, Dahdaleh NS. Successful Treatment of a Three-Column Thoracic Extension Injury with Recumbency. Cureus. 2016 May 18;8(5):e614.

Choy W, Khanna R, Ortmeier TC, Tapia-Zegarra GG, Lindley TE, Smith ZA, Dahdaleh NS. Acute Presentation of Lumbar Spinal Schwannoma Due to Torsion: A Case Report. Cureus. 2016 Apr 25;8(4):e586.

Choy W, Terterov S, Ung N, Kaprealian T, Trang A, DeSalles A, Chung LK, Martin N, Selch M, Bergsneider M, Yong W, Yang I. Adjuvant Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiation Therapy for the Treatment of Intracranial Chordomas. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2016 Feb;77(1):38-46.

Choy W, Lam SK, Smith ZA, Dahdaleh NS. Predictors of Thirty Day Hospital Readmission Following Posterior Cervical Fusion in 3401 Patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jan 14. [Epub ahead of print].

Mooney KL, Choy W, Woodard J, Xian RR, Deal TM, Kendle RF, Said J, Grody W, Yang I. Primary central nervous system gamma delta cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr;26:138-40.

Ampie L, Choy W, DiDomenico JD, Lamano JB, Williams CK, Kesavabhotla K, Mao Q, Bloch O. Clinical attributes and surgical outcomes of angiocentric gliomas. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Jun;28:117-22.

Li G, Dahdaleh NS, Germanwala AV, Lam S, Choy W, Smith ZA, Yang I. Key perspectives on donepezil following brain irradiation, sacroiliac joint fusion, indocyanine green fluorescence endoscope in endonasal transsphenoidal surgery, postconcussion syndrome in young athletes. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Dec 8;6(Suppl 26):S647-50.

Lamano JB, Ampie L, Choy W, Kesavabhotla K, DiDomenico JD, Oyon DE, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Immunomonitoring in glioma immunotherapy: current status and future perspectives. J Neurooncol. 2016 Mar;127(1):1-13.

Ampie L, Choy W, Khanna R, Smith ZA, Dahdaleh NS, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Role of preoperative embolization for intradural spinal hemangioblastomas. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Feb;24:83-7.

Bakhsheshian J, Khanna R, Choy W, Lawton CD, Nixon AT, Wong AP, Koski TR, Liu JC, Song JK, Dahdaleh NS, Smith ZA, Fessler RG. Incidence of graft extrusion following minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Feb;24:88-93.

Choy W, Ampie L, Lamano JB, Kesavabhotla K, Mao Q, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Erratum to: Predictors of recurrence in the management of chordoid meningioma. J Neurooncol. 2015 Oct 22. [Epub ahead of print].

Choy W, Ampie L, Lamano JB, Kesavabhotla K, Mao Q, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Predictors of recurrence in the management of chordoid meningioma. J Neurooncol. 2016 Jan;126(1):107-16.

Choy W, Bohnen AM, Pelargos P, Lam S, Yang I, Smith ZA. Neurosurgery concepts: Key perspectives on deferoxamine and chronic hydrocephalus from intraventricular hemorrhage, laboratory dissection training in neurosurgical residency, tetanus toxoid and dendritic cell vaccines for glioblastoma, and intracranial hypertension after surgery for craniosynostosis. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Aug 19;6:139. d

Ampie L, Choy W, Lamano JB, Kesavabhotla K, Mao Q, Parsa AT, Bloch O. Prognostic factors for recurrence and complications in the surgical management of primary chordoid gliomas: A systematic review of literature. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2015 Nov;138:129-36.

Choy W, Terterov S, Kaprealian TB, Trang A, Ung N, DeSalles A, Chung LK, Martin N, Selch M, Bergsneider M, Vinters HV, Yong WH, Yang I. Predictors of recurrence following resection of intracranial chordomas. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Nov;22(11):1792-6.

Choy W, Kesavabhotla K, Dahdaleh NS, Smith ZA. Encapsulated lumbar hematoma after fall from standing height. Spine J. 2015 Dec 1;15(12):e11.

Lam S, Li G, Zada G, Pelargos P, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Neurosurgery Concepts: Key perspectives on quality of life in children with spina bifida, cilengitide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma, surgery and stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of intracranial metastasis, Gamma Knife radiosurgery in patients with Neurofibromatosis Type 2, patient misconceptions on the diagnosis and treatment of lumbar spondylosis. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Jun 18;6:110.

Sherman JH, Dahdaleh NS, Pelargos P, Lam S, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Neurosurgery Concepts: Key perspectives on C2 nerve root transection following C1 lateral mass screw fixation, choroid plexus cauterization in infants with hydrocephalus, quality of life following treatment of vestibular schwannoma, dynamic magnetic resonance imaging for glioblastoma pseudoprogression, cost-utility analysis of lumbar spinal stenosis treatment. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Jun 17;6:108.

Cho JM, Colen CB, Li G, Wang VY, Dahdaleh N, Choy W, Yang I, Smith ZA. Neurosurgery Concepts: Key perspectives on Traumatic Brain Injury, New Treatments for Glioblastoma, Hemicraniectomy for Extensive Middle-Cerebral-Artery Stroke, Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery and Lumbar Epidural Injections for Radiculopathy. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Jun 8;6:98.

Ampie L, Choy W, Lamano JB, Fakurnejad S, Bloch O, Parsa AT. Heat shock protein vaccines against glioblastoma: from bench to bedside. J Neurooncol. 2015 Jul;123(3):441-8.

Yang I, Ung N, Nagasawa DT, Pelargos P, Choy W, Chung LK, Thill K, Martin NA, Afsar-Manesh N, Voth B. Recent advances in the patient safety and quality initiatives movement: implications for neurosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2015 Apr;26(2):301-15, xi.

Shay S, Choy W, Christensen RE, St John MA. Extensive carcinoma cuniculatum of the mandible. Am J Otolaryngol. 2015 May-Jun;36(3):446-50.

Kan P, Duckworth E, Germanwala AV, Pelargos P, Cho JM, Choy W, Smith ZA, Yang I. Neurosurgery concepts: Key perspectives on embolectomy for stroke with emergent large vessel occlusion (MR CLEAN), endonasal endoscopic craniopharyngioma resection, gamma knife radiosurgery for meningiomas, therapeutic hypothermia for severe traumatic brain injury. Surg Neurol Int. 2015 Oct 23;6:165.

Choy W, Spasic M, Pezeshkian P, Fong BM, Nagasawa DT, Trang A, Mathur I, De Salles A, Gorgulho A, Selch M, Gopen QS, Yang I. Outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy for the treatment of vestibular schwannoma. Neurosurgery. 2013 Aug;60 Suppl 1:120-5.

Nagasawa DT, Trang A, Choy W, Spasic M, Yew A, Zarinkhou G, Garcia HM, Yang I. Genetic expression profiles of adult and pediatric ependymomas: molecular pathways, prognostic indicators, and therapeutic targets. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2013 Apr;115(4):388-99.

Nagasawa DT, Choy W, Spasic M, Yew A, Trang A, Garcia HM, Yang I. An analysis of intracranial epidermoid tumors with malignant transformation: treatment and outcomes. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2013 Jul;115(7):1071-8.

Yang J, Nagasawa DT, Spasic M, Amolis M, Choy W, Garcia HM, Prins RM, Liau LM, Yang I. Endogenous vaults and bioengineered vault nanoparticles for treatment of glioblastomas: implications for future targeted therapies. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2012 Jul;23(3):451-8.

Choy W, Nagasawa DT, Trang A, Thill K, Spasic M, Yang I. CD133 as a marker for regulation and potential for targeted therapies in glioblastoma multiforme. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2012 Jul;23(3):391-405.

Yew A, Trang A, Nagasawa DT, Spasic M, Choy W, Garcia HM, Yang I. Chromosomal alterations, prognostic factors, and targeted molecular therapies for malignant meningiomas. J Clin Neurosci. 2013 Jan;20(1):17-22.

Nagasawa D, Yew A, Spasic M, Choy W, Gopen Q, Yang I. Survival outcomes for radiotherapy treatment of epidermoid tumors with malignant transformation. J Clin Neurosci. 2012 Jan;19(1):21-6.

Choy W, Kim W, Spasic M, Voth B, Yew A, Yang I. Pineal cyst: a review of clinical and radiological features. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2011 Jul;22(3):341-51, vii.

Kim W, Choy W, Dye J, Nagasawa D, Safaee M, Fong B, Yang I. The tumor biology and molecular characteristics of medulloblastoma identifying prognostic factors associated with survival outcomes and prognosis. J Clin Neurosci. 2011 Jul;18(7):886-90.

Kim W, Stramotas S, Choy W, Dye J, Nagasawa D, Yang I. Prognostic factors for post-operative seizure outcomes after cavernous malformation treatment. J Clin Neurosci. 2011 Jul;18(7):877-80.

Choy W, Kim W, Nagasawa D, Stramotas S, Yew A, Gopen Q, Parsa AT, Yang I. The molecular genetics and tumor pathogenesis of meningiomas and the future directions of meningioma treatments. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May;30(5):E6.