Phiroz Tarapore MD

Phiroz Tarapore MD

Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurosurgery






Phiroz E. Tarapore was born in Mountain View, California, and grew up in the East Bay. He attended Stanford University as an undergraduate, where he received degrees in Biological Science and Computer Science. He then attended medical school at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), where he subsequently stayed for residency in Neurological Surgery.

During his residency, Dr. Tarapore developed a strong research interest in functional imaging and presurgical mapping with Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). In collaboration with Sri Nagarajan, Director of the Biomagnetic Imaging Laboratory, he has developed and validated techniques for mapping cortical regions associated with motor and speech pathways using magnetoencephalography (MEG), and established the first protocols for using navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for presurgical speech and motor mapping at UCSF. This work was funded by a National Research Service Award.

Following his residency, Dr. Tarapore joined the faculty of the Department of Neurosurgery at UCSF, where he continues to pursue his research as the head of the new Core Facility for Navigated TMS. This exciting new project makes TMS-based mapping available to the UCSF community, both inside and outside the Department of Neurosurgery. It is also available for collaborative efforts with the departments of Neurology and Psychiatry. In addition to pre-surgical mapping for brain tumors, Dr. Tarapore is developing novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for treating patients with chronic traumatic brain injury and dystonia.

Dr. Tarapore is an attending on the clinical services at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and San Francisco General Hospital.

Education, Training, and Previous Positions

2002: BS, Stanford University
2007: MD, University of California, San Francisco
2007-2008: Surgical Internship, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco
2008-2013: Residency, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco

Selected Professional Memberships and Appointments

American Association of Neurological Surgeons
Congress of Neurological Surgery
American Association of South Asian Neurosurgeons

Selected Honors and Awards

2013: Journal of Neuro-oncology Award for Best Basic Science Paper, American Association of Neurological Surgeons
2012: Best Clinical Research Project, American Association of South Asian Neurosurgeons
2012: Stryker Neuro-oncology Award for Excellence in Brain Tumor Research, American Association of Neurological Surgeons
2012: Best Basic Science Project, Resident’s Research Day, UCSF
2007: Julius Krevans Award for Clinical Excellence UCSF
2006: Genentech Foundation Research Fellowship, UCSF

Selected Recent Publications

Englot DJ, Hinkley LB, Kort NS, Imber BS, Mizuiri D, Honma SM, Findlay AM, Garrett C, Cheung PL, Mantle M, Tarapore PE, Knowlton RC, Chang EF, Kirsch HE, Nagarajan SS. Global and regional functional connectivity maps of neural oscillations in focal epilepsy. Brain. 2015 May 16. pii: awv130. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25981965.

Krieg SM, Tarapore PE, Picht T, Tanigawa N, Houde J, Sollmann N, Meyer B, Vajkoczy P, Berger MS, Ringel F, Nagarajan S. Optimal timing of pulse onset for language mapping with navigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroimage. 2014;100:219-36.

Oh MC, Tarapore PE, Kim JM, Sun MZ, Safaee M, Kaur G, Aranda DM, Parsa AT. Spinal ependymomas: benefits of extent of resection for different histological grades. J Clin Neurosci. 2013;20(10):1390-7.

Tarapore PE, Findlay AM, Honma SM, Mizuiri D, Houde JF, Berger MS, Nagarajan SS. Language mapping with navigated repetitive TMS: proof of technique and validation. Neuroimage. 2013;82:260-72.

Safaee M, Oh MC, Kim JM, Aranda D, Tarapore PE, Cage TA, Gupta N, Parsa AT. Histologic grade and extent of resection are associated with survival in pediatric spinal cord ependymomas. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(11):2057-64.

Tarapore PE, Modera P, Naujokas A, Oh MC, Amin B, Tihan T, Parsa AT, Ames CP, Chou D, Mummaneni PV, Weinstein PR. Pathology of spinal ependymomas: an institutional experience over 25 years in 134 patients. Neurosurgery. 2013 Aug;73(2):247-55; discussion 255.

Tarapore PE, Findlay AM, Lahue SC, Lee H, Honma SM, Mizuiri D, Luks TL, Manley GT, Nagarajan SS, Mukherjee P. Resting state magnetoencephalography functional connectivity in traumatic brain injury. J Neurosurg. 2013;118(6):1306-16.

Tarapore PE, Martino J, Guggisberg AG, Owen J, Honma SM, Findlay A, Berger MS, Kirsch HE, Nagarajan SS. Magnetoencephalographic imaging of resting-state functional connectivity predicts postsurgical neurological outcome in brain gliomas. Neurosurgery. 2012;71(5):1012-22.

Tarapore PE, Tate MC, Findlay AM, Honma SM, Mizuiri D, Berger MS, Nagarajan SS. Preoperative multimodal motor mapping: a comparison of magnetoencephalography imaging, navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation, and direct cortical stimulation. J Neurosurg. 2012;117(2):354-62.

Tarapore PE, Mukherjee P, Mummaneni PV, Ames CP. The appearance of dural sealants under MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012;33(8):1530-3.

Jahangiri A, Molinaro AM, Tarapore PE, Blevins L Jr, Auguste KI, Gupta N, Kunwar S, Aghi MK. Rathke cleft cysts in pediatric patients: presentation, surgical management, and postoperative outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2011;31(1):E3.

Tarapore PE, Sughrue ME, Blevins L, Auguste KI, Gupta N, Kunwar S. Microscopic endonasal transsphenoidal pituitary adenomectomy in the pediatric population. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011;7(5):501-9.